The medical term orthodontia is basically referring to the branch or the specialty field of dentistry that is also called as dentofacial orthopedics or orthodontics. The term orthodontics comes from the Greek words, orthos which means correct or straight, and odont which means tooth. This certain branch of dentistry is designed to deal with the prevention, correction and diagnosis of any incorrect and improper position or malposition of the teeth and jaws. The teeth that are crooked and do not fit together in a correct manner are definitely harder to keep clean; can cause extra stress on the chewing muscles which may lead to temporomandibular joint or TMJ syndrome, neck pain, shoulder pain, back pain, and headaches; and at risk of losing the teeth early due to periodontal disease and tooth decay.
The one who specializes and has the knowledge and the skills in the branch of orthodontics is called as the orthodontist, and he or she has undergone special training that is approved by the ADA after they finished or graduated in dentistry or dental degree. The patients who certainly needs the assistance, the dental services and the help of a certified orthodontist are the ones who are suffering from and have open bite, refers to the space between the biting surfaces of their side and front area when the back teeth are biting together; overbite, which is also called as buck teeth and it is where their upper front teeth lie too far forward or stick out over their lower teeth; crowding, wherein they have too many teeth for the dental ridge to accommodate; spacing, wherein there are spaces or gaps between their teeth; misplaced midline, wherein the center of their upper front teeth are unaligned with the center of their lower front teeth; underbite, wherein their teeth is in bulldog appearance; and crossbite, wherein their upper teeth does not come down slightly in front of their lower teeth when biting. Check out https://www.reference.com/health/braces-ad4dc49405123c3a to understand more about orthodontics.
Some of the common treatments done by the orthodontist here to their patients includes the use of the removable appliances and fixed appliances, and this can affect the growth of the jaws, help move the teeth and retrain the muscles of their mouth.
The three most common fixed appliances used by the orthodontist includes the fixed space maintainers, which can be used to keep the space open until the eruption of the permanent teeth; the braces, which is recognized as the most common fixed appliances used by the orthodontist at this website and it consists of wires, brackets, and bands; and the special fixed appliances, which is being used to control tongue thrusting or thumb sucking and these are being attached to the teeth with the use of bands.
There are seven kinds of removable appliances used by the orthodontist and that includes the headgear, the aligners, the removable space maintainers, the removable retainers, the palatal expander, the lip and cheek bumpers, and the jaw repositioning appliances.